Sun. Sep 22nd, 2019

Top 11 Space Research Organization In The World (2019)

Do you know who is the best space research organization in the world? Why is the space research organization to an important for each country? The space research organization is a scientific study, which scientist has the study of the space with the help of scientific equipment. Also, space research is a different field of science, which you study astronomical event in space. Each country has a particular space research organization that works in their country. I am going to explain the best research organization you can read in brief.

list of space research centers in the world

  1. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
  2. Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos)
  3. China National Space Administration (CNSA)
  4. European Space Agency (ESA)
  5. Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)
  6. SpaceX
  7. Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)
  8. German Aerospace Center (DLR)
  9. Italian Space Agency (ASI)
  10. National Centre for Space Studies (France)
  11. Canadian Space Agency

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

from 60 years, NASA is the best research organization has started the peaceful space investigation, making discoveries about Earth, other planets, solar systems, galaxies, and our universe. It’s a self-governing organization that isn’t a part of any executive department but relates directly to the United State President. NASA was made by Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1958 with civilian orientation.

An important mission of NASA

NASA has completed much mission such as Apollo, Hubble Space Telescope, Viking 1 probe that touched down on Mars in 1976, Chandra X-ray Observatory, Cassini-Huygens that reached Saturn in 2004, and the Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 that made the numerous important invention about Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune, and reached interstellar space.

Basic information about NASA

1 Founded July 29, 1958
2. Jurisdiction US Federal Government
3. Headquarters Two Independence Square, Washington, D.C., US
4. Employees 17,336
5. Annual budget US$20.7 billion
6. Agency executives Jim Bridenstine, Administrator,r James Morhard, Deputy Administrator

Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos)

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Russian Federal Space Agency also is known as Roscosmos State Corporation for space activity. Also, this is the best research organization in the world. It leads various civilian activities, together with astronaut projects and monitoring Earth, and coordinates military launches with the protection Ministry of the Russian Federation.  The newest Roscosmos state corporation is made by attaching the re-nationalized Russian space industry the United Rocket and Space Corporation.

Roscosmos is recently working on EXoMars mission-  ExoMars mission specially created to find out the life on  Mars with the help of ESA. Also with they are making a perfectly robotic lunar base(Luna-Glob), which they planned to launch in as soon as  2020.

Important Information about the Russian Federal Space Agency

1 Founded 25 February 1992
2 Headquarters Shchepkin Street 42, Moscow
3 Administrator Dmitry Rogozin
4 Parent organization The Russian government
5 Budget $186.5 billion

China National Space Administration (CNSA)

CNSA
CNSA

China National Space Administration is a good organization of China who takes all the responsibility and implementing all space mission on the national level. CNSA is not involved with ISS because it is not a global space organization.

After 2003, they have operated many protected space missions and so far, 11 Chinese astronauts have traveled in space. In 2014,  CNSA successfully executed the first soft arriving on the moon using its first robotic lunar lander and rover, named Change 3. besides it, in 2007, China successfully carried out an anti-satellite test on its individual mechanisms.

Short summary | China National Space Administration

1 Founded 22 April 1993
2 Parent organization Chinese Government
3 Administrator Zhang Kejian
4 Jurisdiction China
5 Headquarters Haidian District, Beijing
6 Budget US$11 billion

European Space Agency (ESA)

European Space Agency
Research organization: European Space Agency

European Space Agency has a specific place in the list of the space research organization. It is an international organization and it has 22 members in states. By setting the analytical and financial assets of all members, the agency can manage activities and performances far beyond the scope of any single European nation.

ESA is one of the major assistance to the ISS. After stabilization of ESA, this has been including many space mission such as the Moon and other planets, telecommunication, developing launch vehicles, and Earth observation etc.

Recently ESA is working on Venus Express that is regularly sending data from  its polar orbit around Venus, LISA Pathfinder that is analyzing gravitational waves, and the James Webb Space Telescope (led by NASA)

A short summary | European Space Agency

1 Formation 30 May 1975
2 Headquarters Paris, Île-de-France, France
3 Administrator Johann-Dietrich Wörner Director General
4 Parent organization 22 European states
5 Budget 5.72 billion

Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)

The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)
The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)

Indian Space Research Organisation is the best space organization in India. It uses space technology for national development while following planetary research and space science discovery. ISRO has resolved many major operations on both the national and international level. Indian research organization chains of multipurpose geostationary satellites (INSAT) and remote sensing satellites (IRS) that complete the nation’s growing demand for telecommunication and Earth observation respectively.

ISRO has launched many satellites in space for weather forecasts,  navigation, geographic information systems, telemedicine, and search and rescue operations etc. Besides it, the Indian research organization is famous for the low cost and more reliable launched system. India’s first lunar test was launched in 2008, with the help of a Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV-XL rocket). the total cost of launching this satellite was $54 million that is very low cost.

In 2014,  ISRO agency first time sent spacecraft to Martian orbit in the first attempt. To complete this mission $75 million invested, that is the most cost-efficient Mars mission ever. In 2017, ISRO  has made a world record for launching 104 satellites in one go, using PSLV-C37. seeing this performance Indian government increased ISRO’s annual budget by 23 percent.

Brief information about ISRO

1 Founded 15 August 1969
2 Headquarters Bangalore, Karnataka, India
3 Administrator Dr. K. Sivan, Secretary
4 Parent organization Department of Space, Government of India
5 Budget 11,538.26 crore
6 Staff 16,072 as of 2018

SpaceX

research organization: SpaceX
research organization: SpaceX

Space X is a best space research organization in the world but it is a private space research organization . 10 year ago, most people do not trust that private space research organization but  SpaceX totally changed that thinking of human minds due to his hardworking. This agency has achieved many milestones that no other private space agency has achieved to do so far.

Some important achieved of SpaceX

  1. Through space X, first-time send liquid propellant rocket (Falcon 1) reached orbit in 2008.
  2. SpaceX is the first private space organization which sends spacecraft to the ISS (Dragon in 2012).
  3. It gets a first propulsive landing for an orbital rocket (Falcon 9 in 2015).
  4. SpaceX first round successful reuse of an orbital rocket (Falcon 9 in 2017)

Brief information about SpaceX

1 founded May 6, 2002; 16 years ago
2 Headquarters Hawthorne, California, U.S.
3 product Falcon launch vehicles Dragon capsules Merlin, Raptor
4 Services Orbital rocket launch
5 Number of employees Est. 7,000

Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)

 (JAXA)
(JAXA)

Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) created to support the Japanese government’s overall aerospace development. JAXA lead unified operations,  from basic research and growth to implementation. Also with it involved in several advanced missions, such as satellite launch, possible manned exploration of the Moon, and asteroid exploration etc. The main focus is on JAXA’s Testing communication technologies. Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency has announced that they will be collaborating with Sony to read out a laser infusion system from the Kibo (ISS module).

exploration of the Moon, and asteroid exploration etc. The main focus is on JAXA’s Testing communication technologies. Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency has announced that they will be collaborating with Sony to read out a laser infusion system from the Kibo (ISS module).

Brief summary | Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)

1 Formation 1 October 2003; 15 years ago
2 Headquarters Chōfu, Tokyo, Japan
3 Administrator Naoki Okumura
4 Parent organization Japan
5 Budget $2.03 billion

German Aerospace Center (DLR)

German Aerospace Center (DLR)
The best research Organization: German Aerospace Center (DLR)

German Aerospace Center is a space research organization center that works for space, aeronautics, transport, energy, security, and digitalization. besides its own missions, they also give ideas German federal government. That how could implement this idea for the space program.

German Aerospace Center their chief project incorporate global navigation satellite system like Galileo, Mars Express, and Shuttle Radar Topography Mission. Now, this agency begins to start his work in the field of propulsion technology, satellite development, and space mission concepts.

A short note about the German Aerospace Center (DLR)

1 Formation 1969
2 Headquarters Cologne (Köln), Germany
3 Administrator Pascale Ehrenfreund
4 Budget 388 billion
5 Staff 8,000

Italian Space Agency (ASI)

ASI
ASI

Italian Space Agency founded in 1988, It is an Italian space research organization drew large-scale on the task of many experienced Italian scientists and sooner national organizations. ISA in 1966, launched a large their first satellite mission- BeppoSAX to test of a universe in X_ray.

After it, this space organization collaborated on much chief international space exploration projects, like Cassini-Huygens, Mars Express, Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, Venus Express, Juno, and XMM-Newton. Recently Italian Space Agency has participated in the ESA’s heavy-lift launch vehicle — Arian 5 — the schedule that can put a payload of over 11,000 kilograms to geostationary transfer field.

The important point about | Italian Space Agency

1 Founded January 1, 1988; before 31 years
2 Headquarters Rome, Italy
3 Employees 200
4 Annual budget 1.6 billion
5 Agency Roberto Battiston, President

National Centre for Space Studies (France)

 

French National Centre for Space Studies
French National Centre for Space Studies

French Space Agency is good a research organization in the world. this works in five areas such as civil applications of space, science and technology research, access to space, sustainable development, and security and defense. In this time, the agency is recently working by Germany and other governments to growth a reusable launch vehicle powered by methane. the main purpose of this agency to decrease the cost price reduces the duration of reusable rocket refurbishment.

It is also creating a technique called formation flying that includes keeping severals satellites and their heavy components in a forcefully-controlled. National Centre for Space Studies with the help of ISRO, they deployed Megha-Tropiques satellite into orbit, which is recently analyzing the water cycle in the reference of climate change.

Pinpoint about| National Centre for Space Studies (France)

1 Abbreviation CNES
2 Founded 19 December 1961
3 Headquarters Paris, Île-de-France
4 Administrator Jean-Yves Le Gall
5 Parent organization France
6 Budget €2.438 billion

Canadian Space Agency

the Canadian Space Agency
the Canadian Space Agency

Canadian Space Agency has provided their research, technology, and expertise to world space endeavors, especially while operating with NASA and ESA. It has passed $1.3 billion Mobile Servicing System to the International Space Station (ISS), including Dextre, Canadarm2, and various robotic workstations.

The company doesn’t have any rocket launch ability beyond the upper air. It mostly relies on other states like India, the United States, and Russia to launch its satellite into orbit. However, this is performing to change soon as they are thinking to build a Canadian-made launcher

Important pinpoint about the Canadian Space Agency

1 Formed March 1, 1989; 29 years ago
2 Headquarters John H. Chapman Space Centre, Longueuil, Quebec
3 Employees 670
4 Annual budget C$332 million (2018-19)
5 Agency executive Sylvain Laporte, President

Conclusion

I have explained important information about space research organization in the world. Such as ISRO, ASI, CNES, etc. These organization trying to developed modern technology satellite that provided complete information about both planet and universe. Thus you can say that space research organization are the backbone of each country that helps to improve the economic situation of their countries.

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