Fri. Mar 22nd, 2019
Melanoma checked by doctor

Melanoma checked by doctor

Melanoma causes and protection: Type of cancer

image source: hdpicturehub.com

According to the National Cancer Institute estimation,in 2018,  there is 91,270 new cases of melanoma in the United States. This disease has been taken life of 9,320 people.

What is Melanoma ?

It is one of the most dangerous form of skin disease,because when unpaired DNA damage to skin cells triggers mutations  that lead the skin cells to multiply rapidly and form malignant tumors.

These Tumors developing in the pigment and leads to generate  melanomas in the basal layer of the epidermis.

Ultraviolet radiation from sunshine or tanning beds are also a cause of Melanoma. Color of it is generally black and blue but some time it may be pink, red, purple, blue or white. So don’t get confused because of color.

If Melanoma is treated and operated in initial stage,it is almost always curable, but if it is not recognized then the cancer can advance and spread to other parts of the body. Hence, take care in initial stage.

Symptoms of Melanoma

In early stages of melanoma it may be hard to detect because it looks like moles. So carefully observe and check the skin actively for signs of change.

Here is some basic way to detect Melanoma.

  • Skin change: New spot of mole color,shape,size changes
  • Sore of Skin fails to heal
  • Spot that become painful and itchy
  • Gives an appearance of shiny, waxy, smooth
  • Some time it bleeds or appears crusty

ABCDEs Examination are the best way to detect Melanoma

This is the way of examin melanoma, because in initial stage difficult to detect. So, 5 simple way is founded to show the appearance of it.

A- Asymmetric:

Normal moles are round and symmetric,whereas cancerous mole can’t found in any particular shape.

B- Broder:

Irregular rather than smooth- ragged, notched, or blurred.

C- Color:

It contain uneven shades and colors, including black, brown,pink,red,and tan, and even white or blue pigmentation color.

D- Diameter:

It’s size changes and it looks normally bigger than mole.

E- Evolving:

Sign of skin cancer can be judge on the mole’s appearance.

Because of this ABCDEs examination, we can detect the symptoms of melanoma and cure it. Hence always observe the changes of moles.

Causes of Melanoma.

  1. High freckle density after sun exposure
  2. Large number of moles
  3. Due to presence of actinic lentigines,also known as liver spots, sun spots
  4. Age growing also increase the risk
  5. Hereditary
  6. Sun exposure, because of Uv light of sun, skin burn occurs increase the risk
  7. Organ transplant also a major causes

Types of Melanoma:

Superficial spreading:

Superficial skin problem
Superficial skin problem    image source: www.skincancer.net.au

The cells tend to grow slowly at first then spread on surface of skin.

Nodular:

nodular skin problem
nodular skin problem    image source: www.jim.fr

2nd most common type, it can appears on trunk, neck or face. Growth is very quick.

Lentigo maligna:

lentigo skin problem
lentigo skin problem          image source: bpac.org.nz

It is less common, generally affect old people body part which have been exposed to the sun.

Acral lentiginous:

Acral-lentiginous- sole of foot
Acral-lentiginous- sole of foot   image source: www.researchgate.net

It appears on the palms of the hand or soles of feet.

Treating with Melanoma

Surgery is the main treatment but it depends upon circumstances. Basically there is no any home treatment for that if you are feeling the symptoms of it, kindly consult a doctor as soon as possible.

Because in initial stage it is easy to make it fixed or cure but in major condition it make break your expectation to cure it.

Special tips :

Avoid sunburn

Don’t itching on it

Take medicine on time

Regular contact with doctor

 

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